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若何停止浏览懂得练习

所属分类:高一作文 发布时间:04-19 信息来源:http://gz-cy.com/zuowen/gaoyizuowen/111941.html

若何停止浏览懂得练习

若何停止浏览懂得练习

浏览懂得才能是衡量外语程度的重要标记之一,对绝大年夜多半先生来讲,浏览懂得,也是他们将来直接应用外语才能的一个最重要的方面。

一、浏览懂得的目标

近年来,国际高考NMET试题短文浏览懂得合计45分(含补全对话5分),是分值最高的一道大年夜题,为甚么这类题的分值这么高?其练习的目标又是甚么呢?经过过程十年的教授教化领会,我们总结归结为以下两点:

1.进步先生对书面外语的浏览才能:即懂得按照不合的浏览目标,采取不合的浏览办法,进而进步浏览的速度。

2.进步先生对书面外语的懂得才能:即获得详细信息的才能,对浏览材料停止分析、推理与断定的才能和对浏览内容停止评价的才能。分析、推理与断定的才能和对浏览内容停止评价的才能。

浏览的目标是懂得,浏览才能直接为懂得办事。懂得才能是浏览才能的演变。这就是浏览与懂得的辨证关系。在实际教授教化中教员应处理好这一关系。

2、浏览懂得考察的重点

NMET浏览懂得题,有群情文、记序文、解释文、应用文、对话等等,触及社会教导、风气文明、史地知识、科技、政治、经济、平常生活、传记、人物等诸多方面。这类试题题型普通包含一些信息题、长短题和推理、演算题等等。其测试的重点不过乎有以下几点:

1.字面懂得试题(literal comprehension)

这是一种最简单的试题,其特点是答案明白详细,普通从浏览资估中可以直接找到答案。如辨认文章中事宜产生的时间、次序,人物的表面、特点,它们与事宜的因果关系。

2.揣摸懂得试题(inferential comprehension)

这类题要肄业生根据文章构造,控制所读材料的主旨、大年夜意和解释主旨和大年夜意的现实和细节。既要懂得详细的现实,也要懂得笼统的概念;既要懂得字面意思,也要懂得深层含义,或意在言外,分析作者提出的不雅点、立场,进而从字里行间推想作者没有解释的意图、委宛的内容,从中悟出作者的目标。

3.综合评价试题(evaluation)

这是浏览懂得中最高的一个层次。它要肄业生能凭着他们应有的知识、价值不雅,充分应用浏览材料和本身的浏览经历对浏览内容做出本身的分析与评价。如:

For many years,no one could communicate with people who had been born without hearing.These deaf people were not able-to use a spoken language. But beginning in the 1700s,the deaf were taught a special la-nguage.Using the language,they could share thoughts and ideas with others.The language they used was a language without sou-nd. It was a sign language.

How did this sign language work?The deaf were taught to m-ake certain movements using their hands,faces,and bodies.These movements stood for things and ideas.A man might move his fo-refing er across his lips.This meant:“You are not telling the truth.“He might tap his chin with three f ingers.This meant“.my uncle“The deaf were also taught to use afinger alphabet.They used their fi ngers to make the letters of the alphabet.In this way,they spelled out words.Some deaf people co uld spe-ll out words at a speed of 130 words per minute.

Sign language and finger spelling are not used as much asthey once were.Today the deaf are t aught to understand othersby watching their lips.They are taught how to speak.

1.The story does not say so,but it makes you think that______.

A.the deaf must have special tenchers

B.there is still no way to communicate with the deaf

C.deaf people make signs to make a living

D.deaf people are not as clever as nomal people

(答案是:A 属揣摸懂得题)
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